Precautionary Measures Against SMOG

A huge wave of SMOG has engulfed mainly Central Pakistan due to Pollution, our friendly neighbor farmers and lesser rainfall; affecting visibility, forcing people to staying indoors & other health related problems.

As an info, situation will prevail for almost next 2 months, unless it rains.

The term SMOG describes; a mixture of Emissions under Specific Climate Conditions. These emissions include:-

  1. Industrial pollutants, Car & other vehicle pollutants
  2. Open burning / Incinerators.

Effects of SMOG

The Smog is relatively toxic and can cause Respiratory problems, Coughing, Eye irritation, Itchy skin and Headache.

Precautions Include

1) Avoid being outdoors near heavy traffic areas to minimize exposure.

2) When outside, take rest breaks in the shade & drink plenty of water.

3) Avoid strenuous work outdoors.

4) Reduce your contribution to pollution by avoiding driving & smoking.

5) If driving is unavoidable, drive slow & use headlights plus fog lights / blinkers / hazards even in say time.

6) When indoors, close windows & other inlets of air.

7) For people with asthma & / or chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease, have your inhaler with you at all times. Keep your doctor on speed dial if your condition has the potential to worsen.

8) Important to note that smog affects everyone differently & some people are more susceptible to its negative effects.

9) Children, elders & people with asthma need to be especially careful on smoggy days.

10) Bike users must use face masks & glasses to protect their eyes.

11) Drink plenty of water & wash your eyes frequently.

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Preperation for Monsoons

With this year’s monsoon season on the doorstep, many communities in Pakistan are wondering what is in store for them. Will there be more flooding? Will the dykes be repaired in time? How will people, still living in tents after last year’s disaster, cope with a second round of flooding? They are questions for which there are no easy answers. Flooding, dust storms, thunder and lightning, power outages, extreme heat, they’re what summers are all about here. Below are few tips to keep your family safe during the monsoon.

IF YOU ARE OUTSIDE:

1. When thunder roars, go indoors. Seek shelter immediately during a monsoon storm. Stay inside for at least 30 minutes after you hear the last roar of thunder to be sure the storm has passed.

2. If there’s lightning in the area and shelter is not available, stay away from   isolated   trees / billboards.

3. Keep children and pets from playing in floodwaters. They can be full of harmful contaminants, like raw sewage and sharp objects.

4. Avoid downed power lines. They could still be carrying a charge that could electrocute you.

5. Stay away from downed power lines.

6. If a power line comes into contact with your vehicle, remain inside the vehicle until help arrives. Do not attempt to get out of the vehicle – that is the safest place for you to be. By stepping out of the vehicle, your body can become the pathway for electricity to reach the ground, causing severe bodily harm and possibly electrocution. Use a cell phone, if available, to notify emergency services of the exact location.

IF YOU ARE DRIVING:

1. Slow down! Roads will be slick with oil when it first starts to rain, making driving slippery. As the rain continues to fall and pond on the roads, your car could hydroplane if you’re driving too fast.

2. Turn Around, Don’t Drown. Do not attempt to cross flooded roadways. It only takes a foot or two of water to float most cars.

3. Pull Aside, Stay Alive. Don’t attempt to drive through a dust storm. Pull off to the right side as far as possible. Turn off your engine and lights. Stay inside your vehicle and keep your foot off the brake pedal. You don’t want other drivers to see your lights and assume you are on the road in motion.

4. If you approach an intersection with a broken traffic signal, treat it as a 4-way stop.

IF YOU ARE AT HOME:

1. Make sure you have batteries, flashlights and a battery operated radio or TV in case the power goes up.

2. Turn off unnecessary power equipment to reduce the draw on power companies. This is the primetime for power outage.

3.  Stay away from plumbing fixtures as lightening can travel along metal pipes.

4. Keep away from windows, as high winds can blow heavy debris.

5. Appliances must be discarded immediately if they have been immersed in water.

6. Ensure electrical cords are kept out of reach of children.

IF THE POWER GOES OUT:

1. Switch off high usage items such as air conditioners, computers and televisions so there is no danger of overloading your system or damaging these products with voltage fluctuations when power returns.

2. Use surge protectors for your computer and electronic equipment for extra protection.

3. Turn on your battery powered radio or TV for information.

4. Limit how often you open doors so cool air stays inside. Same goes for your freezer and refrigerator.

Stay safe

The 10 Commandments Of Defensive Driving

1. Be attentive
Always pay attention. Always check your side mirrors and look far enough to see other cars not just the one in front of you. Be alert when you are near intersections and pay attention to road signals and signs.

2. Yield and give way
Yep, you are on the right way and what you are doing is just fine. But if you see one car which is running way too fast it’s wiser to give way.

3. Don’t trust the other driver
The third rule is another cardinal rule – don’t trust the other driver. Because you’ll never really know whether the other driver is cautious or not, it’s better to pay attention and be alert at all times.

4. No drugs, please!
Defensive driving is being clean from intoxicating substances.

5. Buckle up for safety
Yeah, that’s right buckle up for safety. Use your seatbelt. Don’t worry about your pants or shirt being slightly folded when you wear seatbelt because at least you can do something to fix it because you are still alive.

6. Wear helmet
For motorists, always make sure that you wear your helmets on because experiences of many people will tell you how many lives were already saved by the mere act of wearing helmets. Defensive driving also means wearing your gears.

7. Never beat the red light
Simply put, if you try beating the red light for sure you are going to give yourself a headache if are caught doing it. So, as a piece of advice don’t.

8. Be cool
If someone overtakes or somebody honks… be cool. It’s not the end of the world anyway. Being defensive is always better.

9. Use signals
Use your flashers and lights properly to relay your intentions. When you will be turning left it is not hard to turn on the left signal light to alert the other driver.

10. Never Play Chicken with a Train!
If you are in the Hamlet like “to be or not to be” situation, just don’t if the train is coming. A few minutes of waiting is better than not being able to experience the next minute anymore. Defensive driving is all about being patient.

Remember all these simple things on defensive driving. By following these defensive driving tips you are sure to enjoy your trips more.

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Advisory for travellers to Arabian Peninsula on MERS CoV

MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) have been identified in multiple countries in the Arabian Peninsula. There have also been cases in several other countries in travelers who have been to the Arabian Peninsula and, in some instances, their close contacts.

What is MERS?

MERS is a viral respiratory illness first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012. It is caused by a virus that is different from any other virus that has been previously found in people. Symptoms of MERS include fever, cough, and shortness of breath.

Precautionary Measures:

  • Observe good personal hygiene at all times.
  • Practice frequent hand washing; especially before handling food items.
  • You may consider wearing a surgical mask in crowded places and avoid close contact with persons suffering from acute respiratory infections (e.g. someone who is coughing).
  • Avoid contact with camels and other live farm or wild animals, including not visiting camel farms. If contact has been made, thoroughly wash hands with soap.
  • Adopt good food safety and hygiene practices and avoid consuming unpasteurized milk, under-cooked meats, raw fruits and vegetables (unless they have been peeled).
  • Avoid visiting healthcare institutions in the Middle East, unless it is necessary to do so.

Advisory on Swine Flu

The National Institute of Health has issued an advisory about Swine flu spread and warned that people with immune deficiency could become the victim of deadly virus. In addition, people suffering from cancer, heart disease and asthma as well as pregnant women could fall victim to Swine Flu. According to the advisory about 50-60 people have become a victim of Swine Flu nationwide till now. The advisory asks people to take precautionary measures for a month and avoid going to open spaces.

Swine flu is a respiratory disease caused by type A influenza virus that regularly causes outbreaks of influenza among pigs. Swine flu viruses do not normally infect humans; however human infections with swine flu do occur.

Symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of seasonal flu may include:

  • Sore Throat
  • Cough
  • Stuffy nose
  • Chills
  • Headache and body aches
  • Fatigue
  •  Fever (greater than 100 F or 37.8 C)

How can we prevent the spread of the virus?

  1. Observe proper personal hygiene:

Cover your nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing. Wash hands regularly with soap and water, at least for 20 seconds (or use alcohol-based hand sanitizers) especially after handling patients and specimen, before and after eating, after using the toilet and as necessary. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way.

  1. Increase your body’s resistance

Have at least 8 hours of sleep. Be physically active and manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids.  Eat nutritious food, especially fruits and vegetables

  1. Social distancing

Avoid crowded places and close contact with sick people. Stay home if you are sick until you are free from symptoms to prevent the spread of the virus. If there is flu like symptoms, consult the doctor immediately.

Sources:

http://www.khybernews.tv/newsDetails.php?cat=2&key=OTk3MTE=

 

Advisory against Tanim Bala Scam (bullet in the bag) Philippines

Number of people traveled from all over the world to Philippines faced the scam; commonly known as Tanim Bala Scam or Bullet in the bag scam, as reported by CNN-Philippines, 30 alleged cased have be reported from January to November 2015.

As, keeping unlicensed firearms or ammunition in possession is illegal in Philippines.

This scam  allegedly involves airport security officials who plant live ammunition in order to extort an exorbitant amount of money from the passenger caught with the planted bullet inside their luggage.

What the Law of Philippines say:

Under Republic Act 10591 and  Republic Act 9516  it’s unlawful for anyone to possess or buy firearms and ammunition without the license to do so.

Republic Act 9516

AN ACT FURTHER AMENDING THE PROVISIONS OF PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1866, AS AMENDED, ENTITLED CODIFYING THE LAWS ON ILLEGAL/UNLAWFUL POSSESSION, MANUFACTURE, DEALING IN, ACQUISITION OR DISPOSITION OF FIREARMS, AMMUNITION OR EXPLOSIVES OR INSTRUMENTS USED IN THE MANUFACTURE OF FIREARMS, AMMUNITION OR EXPLOSIVES, AND IMPOSING STIFFER PENALTIES FOR CERTAIN VIOLATIONS THEREOF, AND FOR OTHER RELEVANT PURPOSES”

“SEC. 4-C. Authority to Import, Sell or Possess Chemicals or Accessories for Explosives. – Only persons or entities issued a manufacturer’s license, dealer’s license or purchaser’s license by the Philippine National Police (PNP)-Firearms and Explosives Division may import any of the chemical or accessories that can be used in the manufacture of explosives or explosive ingredients from foreign suppliers, or possess or sell them to licensed dealers or end users, as the case may be.

“SEC. 4-D. Types of Chemicals/Accessories Covered. – The chemicals and accessories mentioned in the preceding Section shall exclusively refer to chlorates, nitrates, nitric acid and such other chemicals and accessories that can be used for the manufacture of explosives and explosive ingredients.

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8294

AN ACT AMENDING THE PROVISIONS OF PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1866, AS AMENDED, ENTITLED “CODIFYING THE LAWS ON ILLEGAL/UNLAWFUL POSSESSION, MANUFACTURE, DEALING IN, ACQUISITION OR DISPOSITION OF FIREARMS, AMMUNITION OR EXPLOSIVES OR INSTRUMENTS USED IN THE MANUFACTURE OF FIREARMS, AMMUNITION OR EXPLOSIVES, AND IMPOSING STIFFER PENALTIES FOR CERTAIN VIOLATIONS THEREOF, AND FOR RELEVANT PURPOSES.”

Section 1. Sec. 1 Presidential Decree No. 1866, as amended, is hereby further amended to read as follows;

“Sec. 1. Unlawful manufacture, sale, acquisition, disposition or possession of firearms or ammunition or instruments used or intended to be used in the manufacture of firearms or ammunition. — The penalty of prision correccional in its maximum period and a fine of not less than Fifteen thousand pesos (P15,000) shall be imposed upon any person who shall unlawfully manufacture, deal in, acquire, dispose, or possess any low powered firearm, such as rimfire handgun, .380 or .32 and other firearm of similar firepower, part of firearm, ammunition, or machinery, tool or instrument used or intended to be used in the manufacture of any firearm or ammunition: Provided, That no other crime was committed.

“The penalty of prision mayor in its minimum period and a fine of Thirty thousand pesos (P30,000) shall be imposed if the firearm is classified as high powered firearm which includes those with bores bigger in diameter than .38 caliber and 9 millimeter such as caliber .40, .41, .44, .45 and also lesser calibered firearms but considered powerful such as caliber .357 and caliber .22 center-fire magnum and other firearms with firing capability of full automatic and by burst of two or three: Provided, however, That no other crime was committed by the person arrested.

“If homicide or murder is committed with the use of an unlicensed firearm, such use of an unlicensed firearm shall be considered as an aggravating circumstance.

“If the violation of this Sec. is in furtherance of or incident to, or in connection with the crime of rebellion or insurrection, sedition, or attempted coup d’etat, such violation shall be absorbed as an element of the crime of rebellion, or insurrection, sedition, or attempted coup d’etat.

“The same penalty shall be imposed upon the owner, president, manager, director or other responsible officer of any public or private firm, company, corporation or entity, who shall willfully or knowingly allow any of the firearms owned by such firm, company, corporation or entity to be used by any person or persons found guilty of violating the provisions of the preceding paragraphs or willfully or knowingly allow any of them to use unlicensed firearms or firearms without any legal authority to be carried outside of their residence in the course of their employment.

“The penalty of arresto mayor shall be imposed upon any person who shall carry any licensed firearm outside his residence without legal authority therefor.”

Sec. 2. Sec. 3 of Presidential Decree No. 1866, as amended, is hereby further amended to read as follows:

“Sec. 3. Unlawful manufacture, sale, acquisition, disposition or possession of explosives. — The penalty of prision mayor in its maximum period to reclusion temporal and a fine of not less than Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000) shall be imposed upon any person who shall unlawfully manufacture, assemble, deal in, acquire, dispose or possess hand grenade(s), rifle grenade(s), and other explosives, including but not limited to ‘pillbox,’ ‘molotov cocktail bombs,’ ‘fire bombs,’ or other incendiary devices capable of producing destructive effect on contiguous objects or causing injury or death to any person.

“When a person commits any of the crimes defined in the Revised Penal Code or special laws with the use of the aforementioned explosives, detonation agents or incendiary devices, which results in the death of any person or persons, the use of such explosives, detonation agents or incendiary devices shall be considered as an aggravating circumstance.

“If the violation of this Sec. is in furtherance of, or incident to, or in connection with the crime of rebellion, insurrection, sedition or attempted coup d’etat, such violation shall be absorbed as an element of the crimes of rebellion, insurrection, sedition or attempted coup d’etat.

“The same penalty shall be imposed upon the owner, president, manager, director or other responsible officer of any public or private firm, company, corporation or entity, who shall willfully or knowingly allow any of the explosives owned by such firm, company, corporation or entity, to be used by any person or persons found guilty of violating the provisions of the preceding paragraphs.”

Sec. 3. Sec. 5 of Presidential Decree No. 1866, as amended, is hereby further amended to read as follows:

“Sec. 5. Tampering of firearm’s serial number. — The penalty of prision correccional shall be imposed upon any person who shall unlawfully tamper, change, deface or erase the serial number of any firearm.”

Sec. 4. Sec. 6 of Presidential Decree No. 1866, as amended, is hereby further amended to read as follows:

“Sec. 6. Repacking or altering the composition of lawfully manufactured explosives. — The penalty of prision correccional shall be imposed upon any person who shall unlawfully repack, alter or modify the composition of any lawfully manufactured explosives.”

Sec. 5. Coverage of the Term Unlicensed Firearm. — The term unlicensed firearm shall include:

1) firearms with expired license; or

2) unauthorized use of licensed firearm in the commission of the crime.

Sec. 6. Rules and regulations. — The Department of Justice and the Department of the Interior and Local Government shall jointly issue, within ninety (90) days after the approval of this Act, the necessary rules and regulations pertaining to the administrative aspect of the provisions hereof, furnishing the Committee on Public Order and Security and the Committee on Justice and Human Rights of both Houses of Congress copies of such rules and regulations within thirty (30) days from the promulgation hereof.

Sec. 7. Separability clause. — If, for any reason, any Sec. or provision of this Act is declared to be unconstitutional or invalid, the other Sec.s or provisions thereof which are not affected thereby shall continue to be in full force and effect.

Sec. 8. Repealing clause. — All laws, decrees, orders, rules and regulations or parts thereof inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed, amended, or modified accordingly.

Sec. 9. Effectivity. — This Act shall take effect after fifteen (15) days following its publication in the Official Gazette or in two (2) newspapers of general circulation.

Approved: June 6, 1997

Advisory

 

  • Never allow strangers to touch your bags. Monitor it even when going to the comfort room.
  • Ensure all pockets and zippers are locked and sealed (if seal was broken, immediately notify authorities).
  • Never Lose sight of your bag when passing thru X-ray. Wait for a while to separate your bag from the one ahead of you.

Never accept anything from strangers. Even from newly found friends.

If Bullet Is Found Inside Your Bag:NAIA-terminal-1

  • Stay Calm, forget bravado. Deny that the Bullet is yours even if the Police threaten you.
  • Seek Legal Counsel immediately.
  • Do answer any tricky questions, with a lawyer.
  • Do not touch the bullet or any other illegal item, even if authorities insist, hence prevent leaving finger prints.
  • Never open your bag without a lawyer.

Stay Safe.

REFERENCES 

CNN Philippines reports that police have recorded 30 alleged cases of the scam, known locally as “tanim bala,” between January and November 2015. http://edition.cnn.com/2015/11/04/aviation/philippines-airport-bullet-bag-scam-tanim-bala/

http://z6.invisionfree.com/flipzi/ar/t208.htm